|We've all experienced grief. We've all felt
those intense rolling waves of emotion. But, do we all experience the same feelings each
time we lose a loved one?
What Are The Stages of Grief?
Many people have tried to explain what grief is; some have
even identified certain stages of grief.
Probably the most well-known of these might be from Elizabeth
Kubler-Ross' book, "On Death and Dying." In it, she
identified five stages that a dying patient experiences when informed of their terminal
The stages Kubler-Ross identified are:
- Denial (this isn't happening to me!)
- Anger (why is this happening to me?)
- Bargaining (I promise I'll be a better person if...)
- Depression (I don't care anymore)
- Acceptance (I'm ready for whatever comes)
Many people believe that these stages of grief are also
experienced by others when they have lost a loved one.
Personally, I think of these definitions as emotional
behaviors rather than stages, per se. I believe we may certainly experience some of these
behaviors. But, I believe just as strongly, that there is no script for grief; that we
cannot expect to feel any of our emotions in a particular set pattern. I do agree that
acceptance is probably the last emotion felt, and in some instances it may be the only
A lesser known definition of the stages of grief is
described by Dr. Roberta Temes in the book, "Living With An Empty
Chair - a guide through grief." Temes describes three particular types of
behavior exhibited by those suffering from grief and loss. They are:
- Numbness (mechanical functioning and social insulation)
- Disorganization (intensely painful feelings of loss)
- Reorganization (re-entry into a more 'normal' social life.)
I am better able to relate to this definition as it seems
to more accurately reflect the types of behavior I have experienced and observed. Within
these types of behavior might well be most of the feelings described in Kubler-Ross'
writings as well.
Which List Is Right?
In my opinion, both of these lists, and many others that
we've all seen, are all descriptive of some of the emotions and functions we go through
when we lose a loved one.
I believe that grief, like so many other things in our
complex lives, can't be reduced to a neat list with absolute definitions, timelines,
strategies, goals, and completion dates. Would that it were so easy
Grief is as individual as those of us who feel it, and as
varied as the circumstances of death which occur.
Will I Go Through Every Stage?
If a 98-year old grandfather died in his sleep I think
there would be different stages of grief and loss experienced than if a two-year old child
were run over by a car and killed.
If a person has had a long life, death is somewhat expected
as the natural scheme of things. There will be emotions of grief and loss but they might
be more for what we will miss.
If a young life is cut short unexpectedly, there may well
be feelings of denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and in some cases acceptance.
Just as we have different emotional reactions to anything
that happens in our lives, so too, will we experience grief and loss in different ways. I
think the important thing to remember is that there is a wide range of emotions that may
be experienced; to expect to feel some of them and to know that we cannot completely
control the process.
When Will I Be Through Grieving?
Grieving used to be much more ritualistic than it is today.
In generations past there were set periods of time when certain customs must be observed:
- Widows wore all black clothing for one year and drab colors
- Mourners could not attend social gatherings for months.
- Laughter and gaiety were discouraged for weeks or months.
Today we are unfettered by these restrictions and might
even be confused about when we should be done grieving.
Actually, we'll probably never be done.
We'll never forget the person we grieve for. Our feelings
may be tempered more with good memories than sadness as time passes, but that isn't to say
that waves of raw emotion won't overcome us way after we thing we should be done.
I think the trick here is to understand that the feelings
will occur, try to keep them in perspective, try to understand why you feel a certain way,
and if there are any unresolved issues that cause particular emotional pain, forgive
yourself and others and if necessary talk with someone about it.
There is no completion date to grieving...let your emotions
flow through the stages of grief.
By Judy Bear
First published in MSN Cancer Forum
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